vorige Hefte

Naïma Maziz/Raphaël Alessandri:
The coal-miners' settlements in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais coal-field

Mining and the mining companies in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais coal-field, as a labour-intensive industry, were first provided with the necessary labour power by the agricultural industry. Around 1810, and as a consequence of industrial development, the continual increase in activities made it necessary to attract new workers who were better trained as miners and who had to be permanently settled. In order to overcome the lack of housing, the mining companies erected settlements. From now on, a specific landscape largely concentrated on mining emerged; here and there settlement followed the mining activity below ground. Mining combined two basic functions: extraction and living space. The article deals with the emergence and development of the mining settlements, analyzes their typology and evaluates them as the subject of the public relations' work of the mining companies.