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Andreas Bingener:
Alms for the Poor or Miners' Welfare Fund -
Goslar Miners' Fight for Own Social Welfare System

From 1532 to 1539, the Goslar miners who had formed their own guilds before the Reformation successfully fought for a new social welfare system. The council of the free imperial town of Goslar granted them the right to found a social, charitable organisation called Knappschaft (benefit society for miners). Moreover, the miners had their own new infirmary as in the times of miners' guilds. While, in the past, we could only assume that an older infirmary existed, a document dating from 1294 now clearly corroborates the existence of such an institution in the later Middle Ages.