Mining Culture as Depicted in Public Examples from Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg
Mining studies provide insights into man's use of natural resources. Physical regionalisation, geological formations and different stages of development in mining methods in various periods show the trends that occurred in mining history. In addition, questions are raised concerning environmental damage and pollution caused by mining in the respective region.
Of decisive importance is the examination of a shut-down mine as well as the associated secondary and tertiary facilities ultimately processing the material mined. This allows a serious discussion of the site's status as a relic of mining history and its appropriate use as an historic monument. Nonetheless, the tourist, economic and cultural aspects have to be debated in public so that decision-makers can provide for lasting recreational use for visitors and tourism and for the local population, integrating the site into the post-mining world and generating positive effects for the entire region.
The essay deals with these basic issues from the viewpoint of preserving historical sites, citing as examples industrial monuments of mining history in Upper Palatinate (Bavaria), the town of Blumberg and its surroundings as well as the district of Rietheim-Weilheim (both in Baden-Württemberg).