vorige Hefte

Zygfryd Piatek:
Hard Coal Mining in the Neurode Region from the Middle of the 18th Century to 1914

The Neurode mining region is located in southern Poland between the massif of the Eulen mountain range and the border with the Czech Republic and forms the south-eastern part of the Waldenburg-Neurode coal, iron and steel region. During the time which this article deals with, in particular the period up to the second half of the 19th century, the Neurode region was mainly an agricultural area dominated by latifundi. Most of the population worked in agriculture and forestry. The textile industry, handicrafts and hard coal mining were of secondary importance.

In 1849, only 22 % of all people employed in the Neurode district (Nowa Ruda) worked in industry and crafts, including approx. 4,140 weavers in the textile industry and 560 workers in the surrounding mines. It was not until a few years before the outbreak of the First World War that the number of people employed in the mining sector (5.1 % of the total population of the district) exceeded those working in the textile industry. The article deals in particular with the mining advances made in the phase when the Prussian Mining Office made all decisions concerning the operation of the coal mines as well as during the subsequent liberalisation of the economy. The general economic changes in the latter period are also discussed.